Zirconium titanium ore is an important type of iron ore, which contains abundant zirconium and titanium elements, which are widely used in industrial production. Therefore, the enrichment process of zirconium titanium ore has attracted much attention. This article will introduce the operational steps of the zirconium titanium enrichment process, hoping to be helpful to readers.
1、 Crushing and grinding of ore
Firstly, the zirconium titanium ore is crushed and ground to a certain fineness. The purpose of this step is to increase the surface area of the ore and facilitate subsequent flotation separation.
2、 Flotation separation
Flotation is a common enrichment method for zirconate and titanium ores. Its basic principle is to make use of the difference in the affinity between minerals and water to make mineral particles form foam in water, so as to achieve separation. The specific operation steps are as follows:
1. Add medication
Mix the ground ore with reagents, usually using collectors, foaming agents, and regulators. The function of collectors is to adsorb on the surface of minerals, forming hydrogen or ion bonds, thereby increasing the hydrophilicity of minerals; The role of foaming agent is to form foam in water and bring mineral particles to the water surface; The function of a regulator is to adjust the pH value of water to make it suitable for mineral flotation.
Mix the reagent and ore before stirring. The purpose of stirring is to fully disperse the agent in water, while also increasing the contact area between the ore and the agent.
Put the stirred reagent and ore solution into the flotation cell, add an appropriate amount of foaming agent, and stir for a certain time to make mineral particles form foam in water, so as to achieve separation. The separated foam is collected, which contains zirconate and titanium. After subsequent treatment, zirconate and titanium products with high purity can be obtained.
3、 Magnetic separation
In addition to flotation separation, magnetic separation is also a commonly used enrichment method for zirconium titanium ore. The basic principle is to utilize the difference in responsiveness of minerals to magnetic fields to achieve mineral separation. The specific operation steps are as follows:
1. Add medication
Mix the ground ore with reagents, usually using regulators and collectors. The function of a regulator is to adjust the pH value of water to make it suitable for mineral magnetic separation; The function of collectors is to adsorb on the surface of minerals, increasing their magnetism.
2. Magnetic separation
Mix the reagent with the ore and pass it into the magnetic separator. There is a strong magnetic field in the magnetic separator, which causes mineral particles to be subjected to different forces in the magnetic field, achieving the separation of minerals. The separated minerals can yield high purity zirconium titanium ore products.
The zirconium titanium enrichment process is a complex process that requires strict operating procedures and precise equipment. This article introduces two commonly used methods for zirconium titanium enrichment process flow - flotation separation and magnetic separation, and elaborates on their operating steps in detail. I hope it can inspire readers and also remind them to pay attention to safety and environmental protection when conducting zirconium titanium enrichment processes.