Binhai zirconium titanium ore is an important mineral resource, mainly containing metallic elements such as zirconium and titanium, and is widely used in aviation, aerospace, metallurgy, chemical and other fields. A relatively mature process flow has been formed through continuous improvement and innovation in the mining and beneficiation process of Binhai Zirconium Titanium Mine in practice. This article will introduce the mining and beneficiation process flowchart and operating steps of Binhai Zirconium Titanium Mine.
1、 Process Flow Diagram of Binhai Zirconium Titanium Mine Mining and Dressing
The mining and beneficiation process flowchart of Binhai Zirconium Titanium Mine mainly includes the following steps: ore crushing, grinding, rough selection, intermediate selection, selection, tailings treatment, etc. Below, we will introduce the operation steps of each link one by one.
2、 Ore crushing
Ore crushing is the first step in the mining and beneficiation of coastal zirconium titanium ore, with the aim of crushing the ore into a suitable particle size for subsequent processing. The ore crushing equipment mainly includes jaw crushers, cone crushers, impact crushers, etc. After the ore is crushed, it usually needs to be screened to separate the ores with different particle sizes for subsequent processing.
Grinding is the second step in the mining and beneficiation of coastal zirconium titanium ore, with the aim of further refining the ore for subsequent beneficiation. Grinding equipment mainly includes ball mill, sand mill, etc. When grinding, an appropriate amount of water and chemicals need to be added to ensure the grinding effect.
4、 Rough selection
roughing is the third step of coastal zircon and titanium ore mining, which aims to separate the ore after grinding into zircon and Ilmenite. The rough selection equipment mainly includes heavy medium sorting machines, vibrating screens, etc. The heavy medium separator uses the heavy medium separation principle to separate the ores into different groups according to the density, so as to achieve the purpose of separating zircon and Ilmenite.
medium concentration is the fourth step of coastal zircon and titanium ore mining, which aims to further separate zircon and Ilmenite after coarse separation. The intermediate separation equipment mainly includes concentrators, magnetic separators, etc. The concentrator adopts mechanical beneficiation principle to separate zircon and Ilmenite according to different physical characteristics. The magnetic separator adopts the principle of magnetic beneficiation to separate iron containing substances from zircon.
Selection is the fifth step in the mining and selection of coastal zircon titanium ore, with the aim of further purifying the zircon after being selected. The selected equipment mainly includes flotation machines, ion exchangers, etc. The flotation machine adopts the principle of bubble adsorption to separate impurities from zircon. The ion exchanger uses the principle of ion exchange to exchange impurity ions in zircon with ions in the exchange resin, achieving the purpose of purification.
7、 Tailings treatment
tailings treatment is the final step in the mining and beneficiation of coastal zirconium titanium ore, with the aim of treating the generated tailings and reducing their impact on the environment. Tailings treatment equipment mainly includes filter presses, centrifuges, etc. The filter press compresses the water in the tailings to become a solid. Centrifuge uses centrifugal Separation principle to separate solid and liquid in tailings.
The mining and beneficiation process flowchart of Binhai Zirconium Titanium Mine is a relatively mature process, with simple and clear operating steps and complete equipment. In practice, adjustments and improvements need to be made based on different ore properties and process requirements. At the same time, it is also necessary to strengthen tailings treatment to reduce its impact on the environment.